Sase morti, peste 1.000 de raniti, sute de persoane arestate si o
interventie in forta a minerilor impotriva protestatarilor din Piata
Universitatii, acesta a fost bilantul mineriadei desfasurata in perioada
13-15 iunie 1990 in Bucuresti. Anul acesta se implinesc 24 de ani de la
mineriada din iunie 1990, considerata cea mai brutala si mai violenta
dintre toate cele sase mineriade care au avut loc in Romania dupa 1989.
Desi, potrivit datelor oficiale, sase persoane si-au pierdut viata in
urma violentelor, patru dintre ele fiind impuscate, asociatiile
victimelor mineriadelor sustin ca numarul lor s-ar ridica la peste 100
de persoane. Dupa 24 de ani, bilantul real al evenimentelor din vara lui
1990 ramane neclar.
In June 1990, the Romanian authorities violently suppressed the peaceful
demonstration of University Square in Bucharest. For many, that gesture
showed that the ruling National Salvation Front, the self-proclaimed
vanguard of the Romanian Revolution of December 1989, was just the old
Communist Party under a new label and that President Ion Iliescu had
remained true to the Stalinist convictions he shared while serving as a
communist high-ranking decision maker during the 1950s and the 1960s.
Iliescu called on the miners of the Valea Jiului to come to Bucharest to
defend the nascent democracy against the protesters. Various national
and local government members helped organize the transportation of the
miners to Bucharest. Once in the capital, the miners beat up defenseless
students, young girls with short skirts and men with beard (conforming
to the bourgeois stereotype), destroyed property, and ransacked the
headquarters of opposition political parties. Iliescu publicly thanked
them for their bravery. During the 1990s, the miners came or tried to
come to Bucharest five other times.
During the following twenty years, the civil society unsuccessfully
tried to find out the truth about those events. In 1998, it asked for
access to file 75/P/1998, prepared by a small team of prosecutors and
gathering evidence of state brutality against peaceful protesters.
Curiously, At the time when that request was made, the country was ruled
by the anticommunist opposition, the Democratic Convention. From 2000
to 2004, when the Social Democrats (the conservative wing of the
Salvation Front) formed the government and Iliescu again served as
President, all efforts to prosecute the case were stalled, for obvious
reasons. But the situation continued even after their political rivals,
the Democrats (later renamed the Democrat-Liberals) and the Liberals,
won the general elections of 2004. After the European Court of Human
Rights ordered the Romanian state to surrender the file to the victims
of the June 1990 mineriada. But for over a year the Romanian prosecutors
refused to comply with that court order. It was only after the leader
of the Association 21 December 1989, Teodor Mihaes, went of hunger
strike for a staggering 78 days that the entire copy of the file was
released to the civil society.